The Goncha Festival Of Bastar

 GONCHA FESTIVAL OF CHHATTISGARH                                      Celebrations are the occasions when we will praise our way of life and fanciful heritage. Numerous old stories winning in Chhattisgarh give a knowledge into the rich social legacy and the adventure of extraordinary lords of old occasions. Bastar is generally known for Bastar Dussehra the longest celebration of the world that goes on for 75 days. Bastar Dussehra and chariot parade are interlinked with one another, having no association with Lord Rama and Ravana. 

Be that as it may, Bastar Dussehra is gone before by a dark celebration called Goncha. Bastar is ancestral land, each celebration is entwined to components of nature. Here, 13 celebrations are praised in the term of a year and Goncha is the thirteenth celebration. Last Monsoon, a lot of the direct insight of Goncha celebration at Bastar, Chhattisgarh, drove me to see all the more appropriately the ancestral culture here and it likewise excited a profound interest in the ethnographic variety. 

History of Goncha celebration      

 Celebrated from more than 610 years, Goncha and the chariot parade of Bastar was begun by the leaders of Chalukya tradition. In 1408c, Maharaja Purushottam Dev of Bastar visited Jagannathpuri at Odisha. Rathayatra (chariot parade) of Odisha is known as 'Gundicha', which over the long run got changed over to 'Goncha' in Bastar, Chhattisgarh. The ruler of Odisha gifted Maharaja Purushottam Dev, a 16-wheeled chariot, and gave him the title of 'Rathadhipati'. With the chariot, 360 Aranyak Brahmin families from Odisha came to Bastar under the praise of Maharaja Purushottam Dev.

 Many struggle speculations are predominant behind the purposes behind the settlement of these 360 Aranyak Brahmin families from Odisha to Bastar. These 360 families carried with them a few icons of Lord Jagannath, Balbhadra and Subhadradevi to Bastar Chhattisgarh. 22 icons of Lord Jagannath, Balbhadra and Subhadradevi were blessed in a solitary sanctuary at Jagannath Temple in Jagdalpur. Of the 16-wheeled goliath chariot, Maharaja Purushottam Dev offered its 4 wheels to Lord Jagannath as tribute and gotten back to Bastar with a 12-wheeled chariot. Out of these 12 wheels, it was again partitioned into a 8-wheeled chariot and a 4-wheeled chariot. From that time, the custom of Rathayatra (chariot parade) during Goncha and Bastar Dussehra at Chhattisgarh began. 

 The uniqueness about Bastar Goncha-the 'Tupki' 

Goncha celebration of Bastar is in its unique structure as in Gundicha celebration of Jagannathpuri, Odisha. After Jagganathpuri, the entire custom like Chandan Jatra, Ansar, Netrothsav, Rathayatra, Amniya is seen in its particular structure in Bastar just, in the assistance of Lord Jagganath. Embellished with brilliantly shaded garments and wonderful blossoms, the 22 symbols from Jagannath sanctuary alongside the imperial group of Bastar are taken in parade in 3 chariots around the town of Jagdalpur. Across container India just as dish world, you won't ever discover a spot other than Bastar where 22 symbols from Jagannath Temple are taken in Rathayatra. One should see the magnificence of the Rathayatra of Bastar, Chhattisgarh. You will be overpowered to observe the commitment of individuals towards Lord Jagannath and the imperial group of Bastar. 

Ceremonies at Jagannath Temple Jagdalpur. Another fascination that adds to the uniqueness of Bastar Goncha is the practice of Tupki-the 'Gatekeeper of Honor' to Lord Jagannath. The practice of Tupki is noted in Jagdalpur just in our whole nation and the world. In Bastar, a joke weapon is alluded to as Tupak. Tupki is gotten from the word 'Tupak'. The beautiful Tupki is produced using the empty bamboo, palm leaves and hued paper. Townspeople start arrangements for Goncha from quite a while and their innovative abilities can be unmistakably found in the assortments of Tupki accessible in business sectors. The slug utilized in Tupki is privately known as peng or pengu. This is a product of a wild climber utilized as a herbage. Individuals focus on each other with bamboo Tupki and the entire air loads up with bliss and giggling. While wandering around the chariots with my companions, we also got a hit from Tupki. The sweet aggravation merits valuing. That was very fun! 


The pertinence of Goncha in the ethnic culture of Bastar 

As referenced before, Goncha is connected to Bastar Dussehra. Sanctification of Lord Rama in the sanctuary premises of Lord Jagannath holds a huge spot in the customs of Dussehra. As penances are illegal in Jagannath sanctuary, every one of the conciliatory functions and ceremonies during Dussehra are performed at Rama sanctuary. Additionally, the Aranyak Brahmin families settled from Odisha to Bastar have taken on the way of life of Bastar. Their tongue isn't Odiya however Halbi. This shows the fellowship of the clans of Bastar. 

 The longest celebration of the world-Bastar Dussehra is additionally approaching by, however you should not botch the chance to be a piece of Goncha. This year, on 23rd June 2020, the novel celebration of chariot parade and Tupki, Goncha is prepared to invite you. It is safe to say that you are prepared?? Be a piece of the 610 years of age custom of Bastar Goncha.


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